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When 2 letters overlap or connect, either deliberately or coincidentally so that they appear as a single unit, they form a ligature (a word that means that they are tied or bound together). Of the 21 LMLK seals, ligatures appear on 4 of them: the H4C "BR", S2U "KE", S4L "SU", & M2T "MM".
The S2DW & S2DR almost have "SU" ligatures like the S4L, which is interesting since you'll notice that these 4 ligatures represent 4 of the 5 LMLK seal sets--all except for the x2D. Also note that the H4C "BR" ligature appears in lines 1 & 5 of the Siloam Inscription from Hezekiah's tunnel (enclosed by yellow circles in this drawing):
Drawing adapted from Kata-Pi Bible Resource Pages; photo from "The Ancient Near East in Pictures Relating to the Old Testament (2nd ed. w/ supplement)" by James B. Pritchard
This spectacular color photo is a close-up of the actual BR ligature in the 5th line, taken by Todd Bolen of BiblePlaces Dotcom while visiting the Istanbul Archaeological Museum:
"A man that is called Jesus made clay, & anointed mine eyes, & said unto me, 'Go to the pool of Siloam, & wash'; & I went & washed, & I received sight."--John 9:11
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||This page was created on June 26, 2004, & last updated on October 1, 2005|